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×Amagat's Law of Additive Volumes

Amagat's law of additive volumes is the law of partial volumes. The law relates the total volume of a mixture with the volumes of individual components. Amagat's law is very similar to Dalton's law of partial pressure. The law is only valid for ideal gases. The law is named after Emile Amagat who was a French Physicist. He published his law of partial volumes in 1880.

The Loschmidt constant is also called as the Loschmidt number. The symbol used for the Loschmidt constant is *n*_{0}. It is the number of molecules of an ideal gas per unit volume. The Loschmidt constant has the unit of the reciprocal cubic metre. At STP (*P* = 1 atm, *T* = 273.15 K), The value of the constant is 2.686 781 1 × 10^{25} m^{−3}. The constant is a measure of number density.

The Avogadro constant or (the Avogadro number earlier) is the number of elementary units in one mole of any substance. The Avogadro constant is denoted as *N*_{A}. It has the dimension of the reciprocal amount of substance (mol^{−1}). The approximate value of *N*_{A} is 6.022 × 10^{23} mol^{−1}. This means one mole of any substance contains 6.022 × 10^{23} elementary particles. The Avogadro constant is named after Italian scientist Amedeo Avogadro.

Everything around us, in the earth, and beyond earth is matter. Matter consists of atoms. Every type of atom is associated with an element. There are 118 elements known to us, and they are arranged in the modern periodic table. This article mentions some of the most abundant elements in different systems.

Hydrostatic pressure is the pressure exerted by a fluid at hydrostatic equilibrium on the contact surface due to gravity. If a fluid is confined in a container, the pressure on the bottom and on the walls of the container is due to hydrostatic pressure.

Avogadro's law is also known as Avogadro's hypothesis or Avogadro's principle. The law dictates the relationship between the volume of a gas to the number of molecules the gas possesses. This law like Boyle's law, Charles's law, and Gay-Lussac's law is a specific case of the ideal gas law. This law is named after Italian scientist Amedeo Avogadro. He formulated this relationship in 1811. After conducting the experiments, Avogadro hypothesized that the equal volumes of gas contain the equal number of particles.

11 min read
Gay-Lussac's law is also known as pressure law or Amontons's law. The law correlates how the pressure of a gas increases with an increase in temperature. This law is named after French chemist Joseph Louis Gay-Lussac. He formulated this relationship in 1808. Gay-Lussac's law is similar to Charles's law, the only difference is the “volume” term in Charles's law is interchanged by the “pressure” term in Gay-Lussac's law.

Charles' law is a widely studied gas law. It relates the volume of a gas to its temperature.

10 min read
Boyle's Law is a very important gas law in chemistry and physics. It is also known as Mariotte's law or the Boyle-Mariotte law. The law is the oldest gas law. Boyle's law along with Charles’s law, Gay-Lussac’s law, and Avogadro’s law forms the ideal gas law. The law correlates how the pressure of a gas increases with a decrease in the volume of the gas.

17 min read
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