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Osmosis is a physical phenomenon in which molecules of solvent move from the region of low solute concentration to the region of high solute concentration through a semipermeable membrane.
The hydrogen bond (aka H-bond) is an electrostatic force arising from the polar nature of the molecule.
Chemical molecules are under the constant influence of various chemical forces. They dictate the chemical and physical characteristics of chemical substances.
In this article, we will go through various types of processes in thermodynamics.
Chemical kinetics is a branch of physical chemistry that involves the study of the rate of chemical reactions.
The law was revealed by Swiss-Russian chemist and doctor Germain Henri Hess. He introduced the law in its 1840’s publication.
The four laws are the zeroth law, the first law, the second law, and the third law. These laws are universally valid to any thermodynamic system and are described as follows:
In chemistry, our concern is not with the absolute value of enthalpy but rather the change in the enthalpy. The absolute enthalpy cannot be estimated directly since the value of the absolute internal energy cannot be reckoned for real systems. Further, in chemistry and thermodynamics, we are interested in measuring the change in enthalpy, not its absolute value.
Boyle's law is the gas law that states the pressure of an ideal gas is inversely proportional to its volume if the temperature and amount of the gas remain constant.
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