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Tag: Organic Chemistry

What are ethers in organic chemistry?

Ethers are a class of organic compounds that contain an oxygen atom bonded to two alkyl or aryl groups using a single covalent bond. In literature, they are identified with the suffix "-ether". For example, dimethyl ether or ethyl isopropyl ether.

5 min read

What are Aldehydes?

Aldehydes are a class of organic compounds that contain a carbon atom bonded to a hydrogen atom and a double-bonded oxygen atom. The chemical formula for aldehydes is R—CHO, where R represents a carbon chain or substituent grou

5 min read

What are Carboxylic Acids?

Carboxylic acids are organic acids with the carboxyl group (–COOH). They are represented by the following chemical formula: R–COOH. Here R can be alkyl (e.g., –CH3), alkenyl (e.g., –CH2=CH2), or aryl (e.g., –C6H5).

3 min read


Hybridization is the mixing of atomic orbitals to form new hybrid orbitals, which are suitable for chemical bonding. The total number of atomic orbitals before mixing always equals the number of newly formed hybrid orbitals. In methane, four atomic orbitals (one 2s and three 2p) mix to form four sp3 hybrid orbitals—we will explain this in detail later on.

10 min read

Organic Chemistry

Chemistry is the subject of different elements of the Mendeleev’s periodic table, reactions and mechanisms, physical and chemical properties and finally the application of these elements. There are 118 elements reported in nature and only one element, which is carbon [Atomic no 6, symbol C] is founder of organic chemistry discipline.

10 min read

Chemistry Formulas

A compound comprises two or more than elements, and the chemistry formula reveals the number of atoms present in each component. The chemical formula contains symbols of the element’s atoms in the compound. It also reflects the number of atoms present in each element.

5 min read

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