Search the World of Chemistry

×08th Nov 2019 @ 3 min read

The graph of Charles's law is a volume-temperature graph. And it is as follows:

The above graph is a volume vs temperature graph plotted as a constant pressure for a fixed amount of gas. As we can observe from the graph the volume increases with an increase in the temperature, and vice versa. Thus, volume is directly proportional to temperature at a constant pressure, which is the statement of Charles's law.

Volume is on the *y*- axis, and temperature is on *x*-axis. The graph is a straight line with a positive slope passing the origin. The equation of the line is *V* = *kT*, which is the equation of Charles's law. The slope of the line is *k*. As temperature approaches zero kelvin, volume also approaches zero.

According to the graph, the volume of an ideal gas at zero kelvin is also zero.

Note: Real gases do not obey Charles's law at low temperatures. As temperature approaches absolute zero (0 K), the real gases start deviating significantly from Charles's law.

In the above plot, the temperature axis is in the kelvin scale (absolute scale). However, we can also plot the graph of Charles's law with temperature in the celsius scale.

The equation of the line in the above figure is . Here, *V*_{0} is the volume at the freezing point of water, *t* is temperature in the degree celsius, and *V* is volume at temperature *t*. This is also the equation of Charles's law when temperature is expressed in the degree celsius.

As from the above figure, when temperature approaches −273.15 °C, volume also approaches zero.

The above plots can be plotted at different pressures. The graphs below show four different lines. Each of the lines is at a constant pressure. Such lines that are drawn at a constant pressure are called isobars.

As we can see in the above figure, each of the lines converges at zero volume as temperature tends to zero. Also, if noticed, with an increase pressure, the lines shift inwards (towards *x*-axis). This is because of a decrease in the value of *k* with an increase in pressure. The same is true for the below figure except each of the lines converges at −273.15 °C.

Copy Article Cite

Thanks for your response!

Cypher

02nd Jul 2022

02nd Jul 2022

400cm of oxygen gas at 760mmhg were compressed to 480mmhg at a constant temperature.calculate the new volume occupied by oxygen gas

Morone

28th May 2022

28th May 2022

so helpful. Thanks. But, can you explain little bit of how to calculate the slope of the graph?

Temmy

25th Mar 2022

25th Mar 2022

Thanks so helpful 😍

Bisharat Ali

03rd Nov 2021

03rd Nov 2021

The content is good, but I have one questions: can you explain why k changes as pressure changes?

Jaiprakash Lalmani Pasi

25th Jul 2021

25th Jul 2021

Beautifully explained, thank you so much.

Eric

03rd Apr 2021

03rd Apr 2021

The content is good, but I have two questions: can you explain why k changes as pressure changes? Also, what are the other factors that lead to a difference in the slopes? Thank you

Jeanaidah

04th Jun 2020

04th Jun 2020

Thanks. It was helpful. But 1 question I have is how should I calculate the gradient o the graph of a Charles's law if I plot two lines on the same graph.

Join the Newsletter

Subscribe to get latest content in your inbox.

We won’t send you spam.