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Properties of Matter

There are two ways in which we can classify properties of matter. Based on how properties are determined, they can be classified into two categories: physical properties and chemical properties. Based on the dependence of properties on the amount of a substance, we can classify them into intensive properties and extensive properties. The figure below explains the same.

12 min read

Classification of Matter

Matter is anything which has mass and occupies space. Examples of matter are books, phones, laptops, water, juices, coffee, air, Earth, Moon, Sun, and anything which is composed of atoms. Based on physical characteristics, we can classify matter into two main categories: pure substances and mixtures. Mixtures can further divide into homogeneous and heterogeneous mixtures and pure substances into elements and compounds.

12 min read

Four States of Matter

Matter is anything that possesses mass and occupies space. In other words, one which you can weigh and measure volume is matter. Matter includes everything which satisfies the above two conditions: mass and volume.

There are four classical or fundamental states of matter, viz. solid, liquid, gas, and plasma. The latter among the four is not common in comparison to the rest three.

8 min read

Importance of Chemistry

Chemistry is a very important branch of science. Chemistry is the study of science that deals with constituents of matter like atoms molecules, ions etc.; and its properties, structure, behaviour, and interactions among them. Since everything is made up of atoms and molecules, we can see the chemistry all around us. Today, chemistry has grown into a very diverse field. There is a significant overlap between chemistry and other branches of science, for example, biochemistry (chemistry and biology), physical chemistry (chemistry and physics), medicinal chemistry (medicine and chemistry), chemical engineering (chemistry and engineering) etc.

9 min read

Hydrostatic Pressure

Hydrostatic pressure is the pressure exerted by a fluid at hydrostatic equilibrium on the contact surface due to gravity. If a fluid is confined in a container, the pressure on the bottom and on the walls of the container is due to hydrostatic pressure.

8 min read

Standard Ambient Temperature and Pressure (SATP)

Standard ambient temperature is 25 ℃ or 298.15 K or 77 ℉.

Standard pressure is 1 bar or 100.000 kPa or 750.06 mmHg (or torr) or 14.504 psi.

3 min read

Normal Temperature and Pressure (NTP)

Normal temperature is 20 ℃ or 293.15 K or 68 ℉.

Normal pressure is 1 atm or 101.325 kPa or 760 mmHg (or torr) or 14.6959 psi.

3 min read

Standard Temperature and Pressure (STP)

According to NIST, standard temperature is 0 ℃ or 273.15 K or 32 ℉, and standard pressure is 1 atm or 101.325 kPa or 760 mmHg (or torr) or 14.6959 psi.
8 min read

Chemistry and Its Branches

Chemistry is a branch of science which deals with the study of matter composed of atoms and molecules, their properties, composition, structure, behaviour, and interactions among constituents of matter. Modern chemistry can be categories into five main branches: Physical chemistry, Analytical chemistry, Inorganic chemistry, Organic chemistry, and Biochemistry.
17 min read

Avogadro's Law

Avogadro's law is also known as Avogadro's hypothesis or Avogadro's principle. The law dictates the relationship between the volume of a gas to the number of molecules the gas possesses. This law like Boyle's law, Charles's law, and Gay-Lussac's law is a specific case of the ideal gas law. This law is named after Italian scientist Amedeo Avogadro. He formulated this relationship in 1811. After conducting the experiments, Avogadro hypothesized that the equal volumes of gas contain the equal number of particles.
11 min read

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