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Osmosis is a physical phenomenon in which molecules of solvent move from the region of low solute concentration to the region of high solute concentration through a semipermeable membrane.
The hydrogen bond (aka H-bond) is an electrostatic force arising from the polar nature of the molecule.
Chemical molecules are under the constant influence of various chemical forces. They dictate the chemical and physical characteristics of chemical substances.
In the early 1900s, Gilbert N. Lewis, one of the well-known American chemists, introduced the concept of Lewis acids and bases. Today, his theory has led us to a better understanding of what acids and bases are and has been able to get explanations for many chemical reactions, which remained unclear.
Chemistry laboratories are spaces where we test learned theories and try to put them into practice. It facilitates us to conduct experiments, measurements, and research & development.
Different orbitals make different types of overlap in different situations. And based on a type of overlap, we classify them as a sigma or pi bond.
In this article, we will go through various types of processes in thermodynamics.
There are thousands of chemical reactions. But most of them can be categorized into a few basic types.
Chemical kinetics is a branch of physical chemistry that involves the study of the rate of chemical reactions.
Hybridization is the mixing of atomic orbitals to form new hybrid orbitals, which are suitable for chemical bonding. The total number of atomic orbitals before mixing always equals the number of newly formed hybrid orbitals. In methane, four atomic orbitals (one 2s and three 2p) mix to form four sp3 hybrid orbitals—we will explain this in detail later on.
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